In a European discussion on ever increasing numbers of refugees and asylum seekers in Europe, recalling data from the last UNHCR Global Trends 2013 report gets it straight: Countries of the Global South are heavily affected by the “global refugee crisis” – much more so than those of the Global North.
According to the UNHCR Global Trends 2013 report (which works with “data provided by governments and based on their own definitions and methods of data collection”), 86% of the world’s 16.7 million refugees are hosted by countries of the Global South. Europe in 2013 hosted 1,8 million. This number includes over 300.000 Syrian refugees who remained in Turkey and excludes those who have spontaneously returned. As a trend, the proportion of countries of the Global North hosting refugees diminishes, while the total number of refugees increases (in 2013, by 11% compared to 2012).
Refugees in absolute numbers:
Pakistan with 1.6 million refugees in 2013 was host to the largest number, followed by Iran with 857.400 refugees, and Lebanon (856.000), Jordan (641.900), Turkey (609.900).
Refugees per 1 USD GDP per capita:
Pakistan with 512 refugees, Ethopia with 336 refugees and Kenya with 295 refugees per 1 USD GDP per capita were the states in most extreme conditions. High numbers were also registered for Chad, South Sudan, DR Congo, Uganda, Jordan, Bangladesh and Yemen.
Refugees per 1000 inhabitants:
Lebanon with 178 and Jordan with 88 refugees per 1000 inhabitants show an extremely high share of refugees, countries such as Chad, Mauritania, Djibouti, South Sudan, Liberia and Kenya, as well as the two European countries Malta and Montenegro showed a high share of refugees.